Explanation about Salat–[Prayer]
 Euzu billahi minesseytanirraciym
 Elhamdulillahi Rabbil alemin, vesselatu vesselamu ala Resulina Muhammedin ve ala alihi ve ashabihi ecmain.
 Dear Reader:
 I supplicate Allah c.c. to provide us with an adequate amount of intelligence, a keen understanding, and sufficient room in our hearts as this is what we need nowadays, especially since our thoughts have become idle and our current practice of Islam superficial; this has lead to a demand for further research, as well as for more stimulating thoughts.  For these reasons, we conducted research on the subject of Salat –[Namaz] so that we may share it with you.           
 Needless to say, since the day Salat was first performed countless research on the subject has been conducted and each project reveals novel details about Salat.  We would be fortunate to be able to reveal yet additional characteristics of Salat.    
 It is common knowledge that Salat, or daily prayer, is one of the five Islamic obligations. 
 For the most part, almost all Islamic scholars have focused on the different angles of Salat, and scholarly meanings of Salat have been published innumerable times in books on the subject.  The purpose of this book is neither to explain how to perform Salat nor to focus on the posture one should have while performing Salat; instead, this book emphasizes Salat’s spiritual and inner meanings.   
 InshaAllah, insomuch as Cenab i Hak (God) permit, we shall attempt to explain this subject as best we can, within our intellectual limitations.  We, therefore, call upon Allah u Teala c.c. to confer upon us all sufficient strength and open hearts to enable us to accomplish this task successfully. Salat in Islam is not merely a series of physical movements, rather it is a series of physical movements comprised of inner meaning and a very significant way by which God may be reached and obeyed.       
 As is known, Salat has two components:  the physical movements and the repetition of verses from the Koran, and whoever performs Salat, whether knowingly or not, combines these parts.
 One recites the verses from Koran during the salat from one’s memory either they are heartfelt, or not.     
 Regardless of whether one feels it, if performing Salat becomes a mere task, habit, or meaningless repetitions, we only presume to have achieved the purpose of performing Salat. Carrying out the obligatory movements and reciting the verses, while utilizing our God-given intelligence and heart, results in us being deemed worthier before Allah u Teala c.c.  For this reason, we ought to discover the true sense of Salat since it will enable us to perform it in a deeper and more meaningful manner.  
 The movements of Salat are as follows:

  • Kiyam: standing up
  • Ruku: bending down
  • Secde: prostrating

  The recitations of salat are: suras, ayats ¾[sections of the Koran], prayers, and dhikrs.
 Let us now explore these movements and recitations so that we may realize how beautiful one simple Salat is.  For us to be able to appreciate the beauty of Salat, however, we need to have a simple and clean heart, as well as an unbiased intellect.       
 Chapter One 
 In the way of Hanefi, it is common knowledge that one prays at five specific times each day such that a total of forty rekats are performed (a rekat constitutes two standing, bending forward, and prostrating positions and one sitting position).
 Seventeen of the forty rekats are obligatory, twenty are optional, the remaining three are called Salat-u vitr. In Salat the words we repeat and the number of times we repeat them are as follows:

  1.Niyet: The intention specified at the beginning of Salat
  [/size]  13  times
  [/size]2. Subhaneke prayer (see below)
  [/size]  15  times
  [/size]3. Euzu Besmele (see below)
  [/size]  15  times
  [/size]4. Besmele the phrase “Bismillahirrahmanirrahim”[/font]
  [/size]  25  times
  [/size]5.Sura Fatiha (see below)
  [/size]  40  times
  [/size]6.Sura Zammi. (see below)
  [/size]  33  times
  [/size]7.Kunut Prayer (see below)     
  [/size]    2  times
  [/size]8.Tekbirs: Allahu Akbar 
  [/size]281  times
  [/size]9.Tekbir (Allahu Akbar) in the Kunut Prayer
  [/size]    1  time
  [/size]10.The phrase  “SubhaneRabbiyelaziym”
  [/size]120  times
  [/size]11.The phrase “SemiAllahuLimenhamideh”
  [/size]  40  times
  [/size]12.The phrase     “RabbenaLekelhamd”
  [/size]  40  times
  [/size]13.The phrase “SubhaneRabbiyelala”
  [/size]240  times
  [/size]14.The TAHIYYAT prayer (see below)
  [/size]  21  times
  [/size]15.Salavats (see below)
  [/size]  26  times
  [/size]16.The prayer  “Allahumme Rabbena atina ..(see below)[/font]
  [/size]  13  times
  [/size]          17.[/font][/size][size=0pt]the phrase Selam/Salutation: (see below)[/size]
  [/size]  26  times[size=0pt]
  [/size]18.The recitation after Salat “Allahumme..  (see below)[/font][size=0pt]
  [/size]  13  times[size=0pt]
  [/size]         19.Ala Resuluna Salavat, again[size=0pt]
  [/size]    5  times[size=0pt]
  [/size]         20.The repetition : “ Subhanellahu.. (see below)[size=0pt]
  [/size]    5  times[size=0pt]
  [/size]         21.Ayetel Kursi:  (see below)[size=0pt]
  [/size]    5  times[size=0pt]

 [/size]REPETITIONS with BEADS[size=0pt]

  [/size]Subhanallah (33 x 5) [size=0pt]
  [/size]165 times[size=0pt]
  [/size]Elhamdulillah (33 x 5)[size=0pt]   [/size]165 times[size=0pt]
  [/size]Allahu Akbar (33 x 5)[size=0pt]   [/size]165 times[size=0pt]
  [/size]La ilahe illalahu vahdehula serikeleh…..[size=0pt]   [/size]    5 times[size=0pt]
  [/size]Allahummassurna …..[size=0pt]   [/size]    5 times[size=0pt]
  [/size]With your hands cupped in front of you, offer your personal prayers to Allah Teala in your own words[size=0pt]   [/size]    5 times[size=0pt]
  [/size]After your individual prayer recite the final sura Fatiha, again[size=0pt]
  [/size]    5 times[size=0pt]
  [/size]TOTAL 1 + 4 + 9 + 4 = 18   (18 000 Universes)                          [size=0pt]   [/size]   1.494 times[size=0pt]

  [/size]                                      2. Subhaneke prayer: A form of prayer repeated at the beginning of Salat3. Euzu Besmele, the phrase “Euzu billahi minesseytanirracimBismillahirrahmanirrahim”5. Sura Fatiha: This sura starts with “Elhamdulilah ir rahman ir rahim…6. Sura Zammi. This is a general name for couple of suras in Kuran, they are all considered as ZAMMI for example: the sura Ihlas that starts with “Kulhuvallahu Ahad. Alahusssamed…” is one of those repeatable after Fatiha7. Kunut Prayer: This prayer starting with “Allahumme rabbena atina...              14. The TAHIYYAT prayer starting with “Ettehiyatu lillahi ve salavati vetteyyibatu ….15. SALAVAT: the phrase we repeat to honor the last prophet Muhammad (sav), “Allahumme salli ala seyyidina Muhammedin ve ala ali seyyidina Muhammad”17. Selam/Salutation: Esselamunaleykum ve rahmetullah, recited when a salat is completed.18. The recitation after Salat “Allahumme entesselamu ve min kesselam tebarekte ya zulcelali velikram”.20. The repetition : “ Subhanellahu velhamdulillahi velailaheillallahu ve allahu ekber ve la havle ve la kuvvete illa billahilaliyyulAzim.21. Ayetel Kursi: This is a part of the sura named Bakara that starts with: Allahu la ilahe illa hovel hayyul kayyum[size=0pt]
 [/size]18 represent the 18,000 universes that are the total number of Salats performed in a day.It has been demonstrated that we repeat the words and sentences above approximately 1,494 times per day. Indeed, this is an amazing system and arrangement.There are many lessons and warnings in each numerical accumulation, which we will be able to discover if we dare to practice sacredness.In our religion, although there are many ayats ¾[parts of the Koran] and hadiths [Hz Muhammad’s sayings] on the topic of Salat translated into different languages. There is no equally sufficient word, which conveys the complete meaning of what the Arabic word “Salat” connotes, in any language, including Turkish; for instance, Salat is frequently translated as “namaz” or “prayer” in Turkish, but unfortunately, these words are not able to convey the complete meaning of Salat.      It is probably for this reason that we are unable to completely fulfill our obligation when we perform Salat, and thus, we are precluded from reaping all the benefits Salat has to offer.  The same problem arises when the statement Allahu Akbar is translated into “God is the greatest” due to the fact that the spiritual meaning is lost in the translation; the same loss of spiritual meaning occurs when the word Salat is translated into “prayer.”       Accordingly, by translating the word Salat into another language, it is only possible to convey a portion of what the word Salat connotes; nevertheless, it should be noted that the word Salat not only encompasses the physical aspect of this obligation, but it also encompasses its spiritual aspect. We will now attempt to explain the meaning of Salat. In Arabic, its original language, the word Salat is composed of three letters. The first letter, SAD, represents the universe of Allah’s attributes. The second letter, LAM, represents the universe of Uluhiyet, Alem-i Lahud¾[Most greatness.]  The third letter, TE, represents the belief in Allah’s Oneness. When attempting to perform Salat profoundly our physical bodies must be on the Ef’al level which is that of substantial accomplishment, and our words should be on the Esma level which is that of the names and attributes of Allah.The first letter of Salat, SAD, indicates that one should enter the universe of the attributes of Allah [sifat alemi]. The second letter of Salat, LAM, indicates that one should enter the level of greatness [alem-i lahud].The third letter of Salat, TE, indicates that one should incorporate and assimilate the beliefs inherent in all levels when searching for HAKK; thus, TE signifies that one should experience all the levels of nearness to Allah u teala c.c. that are present within us.  [size=0pt]
 [/size]The elements of each level are as follows:[size=0pt]

  • [/size]Tevhid-i Ef’al: The belief in physical surrender.[size=0pt]
  • [/size]Tevhid-i Esma: The belief in Allah’s attributes or names.[size=0pt]
  • [/size]Tevhid-i Sifat: The belief in the attributes of Allah
  • [/size]Tevhid-i Zat: The belief in Allah’s Oneness.

  [/size]When we journey through the above-mentioned levels, Salat is performed from ourselves to ourselves.  If completed fully, the above-mentioned numerical statement is truly an astonishing undertaking. Only those who devote their entire lives and embark on the rough journey leading to HAKK can, with the permission of Allah, reach this point. This is the true purpose of Salat, also called the Mirac (1) of Mumin (2).(1) Mirac is the journey Hz Muhammad (as) made in the Holy Land (Kudus, in the West  know as Jerusalem) to Hakk in one night.(2) Mumin is a true and sincere believer who fulfills the obligations of the Holy Book, the Koran.In contrast to what has been stated above as being representative of what the word Salat encompasses, the word “prayer” is only used to describe the physical movements of Salat.  In summary, from the onset, we face obstacles that prevent us from performing Salat as it was meant to be carried out, and more importantly, often times we fall short from reaching the ultimate destination. I wonder how much one can truly benefit from performing Salat on only a physical level.  Our most important duty is to scrutinize everything we do to ensure ourselves that we perform the task at hand adequately; especially when we consider the fact that the most meaningful treasure we have is our time on earth, no matter how brief it is for we can never recover even a wasted second.