The Sura Fatiha
The next sura is called Fatiha, and it starts with “Elhamdulillahi Rabbil alemin.”
It is only due to the preparations taken thus far that one is able to reach the proper state necessary to fully recite the Sura Fatiha. During the course of a day, one repeats the Sura Fatiha forty times.
The number 40 results from multiplying 4 by 10 (4 x 10), and it represents the four levels as follows: seriat, tarikat, hakikat, and marifat.
At every level we extensively recite the Sura Fatiha ten times with our aim being to attain from it as much as possible.
To summarize, he who performs Salat first expresses his intention, states “Allahu Akbar,” performs the sura commencing with “Subhaneke allahumme.” and finally repeats “Euzu besmele.”
It is hoped that by doing all of these repetitions, one will eventually escape all delusions, skepticism and rid oneself of all evil thoughts, thus achieving the state of purity necessary to experience the Sura Fatiha accurately and meaningfully. At this point a question surfaces: Why is the Sura “Elhamdulillah” called the Sura Fatiha? In Arabic, Fatiha means “the conqueror or opener” which can be interpreted to mean the assistant who will provide us with access to the Koran and Salat. More importantly, it can be thought of as being the key to understanding the Koran and fully discovering a true Salat. Because the scope of this book does not include revealing the extensive meaning of Fatiha, it will not be explored in further detail. InshaAllah! May Allah c.c. (celle celalihu) provide us with an enormous and deep heart, as well as with the keen intelligence that is needed to understand the following sequence.
When we state “Elhamdu lillahi Rabbil alemiyn,” we are demonstrating hamd, gratefulness, and appreciation to the One who deserves everything – Allah celle celalihu.
Because it is important to understand the following very precisely, inshaAllah, we will thoroughly explain the eight different levels of “hamd” or appreciation in the upcoming chapters.
What does it represent to say “Allah c.c.”?, to say “Errahmanirrahim”?
“Rahman”iyet; is the true face of all the names and attributes of Allah c.c. because the Creator does not discriminate and he provides every creature on earth, including human beings regardless of their nationality, skin color, or religion, their food; thus, every creature owes their physical survival to Allahu Teala c.c. (celle celaihu), and this is what the attribute, “Rahman” bestows to every creature.
In contrast, “Rahim” provides inner beauty and sacredness and feeds a human being’s spirituality. “Maliki yevmiddin”means like “The only owner of the day of Deen, otherwise known as “Judgment Day,” is Allah c.c. In addition to meaning the Judgment Day, “Day of Deen,” however, also connotes the present day or the present moment in which one is aware of oneself. “Iyyakenagbudu” means “We pray only to you as you are the only One we worship.” “Ve iyyake nestain” means “We seek shelter and ask for help only from You.” When repeating these verses during Salat, nothing but Hakk should be present in our thoughts or minds. If we are inadvertently consumed and preoccupied with worldly matters during these moments, we are, in essence, allowing these thoughts to become our Rabb (God), if you will, and so it is these very thoughts that we are actually worshiping. Needless to say, this place us in a very precarious situation since it may in effect make us idolaters.
“Ihdinessiretel mustekiym” means “Please guide us and reveal the straight path leading back to You.” “Siratelleziyne en amte aleyhim” means “Lead us in the same way you have led those to whom you have grated bountiful goods.” “Gayril magdubi aleyhim veleddallin” Amin. means “Please allow us to journey along the path of those who were not deceived or distracted. Amen”
The other name of the Sura Fatiha is “Seb’ul mesani” that means “Two sevens.” Two represents this world and the hereafter, Hakk and the servant, two sides of a relationship, and the sura with two meanings.
After the Sura Fatiha, usually another sura, (i.e., the sura starting with “Kulhuvalli ahad allahussamed”) is added thirty-three times per day. Generally speaking, true meaning and harmony is established between the Creator and the servant through the Sura Fatiha and it develops more extensively and thoroughly by reciting the Sura Zammi.
There is a principal that claims as follows: “If we get in touch with ourselves we increase the possibility of meeting Rabb and the door that may lead us to Rabb will be slightly opened by continuing on this path.” Therefore it is imperative that we travel inward and explore our inner selves.
The Sura Fatiha