Repetition of Sacred Phrases
Let us first look at the numerical values of the repetitions.
At the end of each salat we repeat “Subhanellah,” “Elhamdulillah” and “Allah-u Akbar” 33 times. The total number of repetitions is 99.
By the end of the day, we repeat each of these scared phrases a total of 165 (33 x 5) times, and the total number of times we repeat the three sacred phrases is 495 (99 x 5).
The number three in 33 represents ilmel yakiyn, aynel yakiyn, and hakkal yakiyn (this will later be explained in greater depth).
3+3 = 6 (6 represents the first six obligations of Islam)
3+3+3+3 = 12 (12 represents the total number of steps[mertebes] of Insan-i Kamil )
3+3+3+3+3+3 = 18 (18 represents the 18000 universes).
The summation of three 3’s is 99, and as mentioned above, 99 represents all of the names or attributes of Allah c.c.[esmaul husna]; moreover, the summation of the two 9’s of the 99 names equals 18.
If we are able to perform these repetitions profoundly and accurately as opposed to mechanically because it has become a mere habit, think about how much more beneficial our actions would be. We praise Allah c.c.:
165 times when we repeat “Subhanallah.”
15 times when we recite the Subhaneke prayer.
120 times when we repeat “Subhane rabbiyel aziym.”
240 times when we repeat “Subhane rabbiyel ala.”
The total number of times we offer our praise is 540. The number 5 represents the levels or steps of Hazrat, the last five stages or mertebe of the Insan-i Kamil [Hazarat-i Hamse]. The number four represents the Seriat, Tarikat, Hakikat, and Marifet mertebes.
The 0 at the end of the number represents the level or mertebe of nothingness.
The secrets of this level or steps (mertebes) of Insan-i Kamil shall be revealed those who perform salats intensely and meticulously. One who performs Salat praises Allah c.c. 540 times per day in the tenzih level (this approach to Allah c.c. was explained previously).
As explained above, “Subhanallah” is the exaltation (tenzih) that means we accept Allah c.c as the infallible One. This is our acknowledgement of Allah’s perfection notwithstanding our partial awareness of closeness (yakiyn).
The exaltation mentioned during the repetitions of the sacred names of Allah is the fourth level or mertebe of acknowledgement.
Our praise [tenzih] for Allah u teala c.c. is directly correlated to our level of knowledge, (level of Insani Kamil we are in) therefore our praise is of the magnitude and of our own knowledge. The only one who has experienced the highest level of exaltation is the Insani- Kamil, the wisest one; the rest of mankind is able to praise dear Allah c.c only to the extent that He permits.
“Subhane rabbike rebbil izzeti amma yasifun ve selamun alel murselin velhamdulillahi rabbil alemiyn” (Saffat 37/ 180- 182)
“Glory to thy Lord, the Lord of honour and power!(He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him). And peace on the messengers, and praise to Allah, the Lord and cherisher of the worlds.” InshAllah, Cenabi Hak will grant us the ability to truly and completely understand this Ayat. The subject of exaltation or praise is extensive and needs to be approached from a different perspective, depending on the level of knowledge (Seriat, Tarikat, Hakikat, and Marifet).
We will now analyze the repetition of “Elhamdulillah” also known as “Hamd” that means thanking and praising Allah c.c.
The Hamd’s repeated during Salat are as follows;
40 times “Hamd” (appreciating) from the sura Fatiha
40 times from the phrase “Semi Allahu limen hamideh”
40 times from the phrase “Rabbena lekelhamd”
165 times from the phrase “Elhamdulillah” (during repetitions)
5 times from the last sura Fatiha
We make 290 repetitions in order to thank and praise Hamd.
In the course of a day, one repeats Hamd 290 times, and 2 + 9 + 0 = 11; from the number 11, the first number 1 represents the Hakk’s Oneness and the second number 1 represents Hakk’s oneness in human beings.
The most authentic and genuine Hamd is the one that originates in the self and returns to the true self. Shortly, this will be discussing this in more detail.
With regard to the recitation of the phrase “Allahu Akbar,” the purpose is to acknowledge Allah’s greatness and mightiness.
The total amount of times we recite Allahu Akbar is 447 times as follows: 1) during Salat 221 times, 2) before starting Salat 1 time, 3) before the last Salat called “Salat-i vitr” 60 times from Ezan-i Muhammedi and “kamet”¾[ second call to prayer inside the mosque], two calls to prayer for each of five prayers equals 60 Allahu Ekber and 4) during the repetitions 165 times. If we take apart the number 447 in the following way, the number 8 (4 + 4) represents the total number of heavens in the after world, and the number 7 represents the total number of levels or steps of the ego. As stated previously, the three channels by which one can attain closeness to Hakk are as follows: ilmel yakiyn, aynel yakiyn, and hakkal yakiyn. 15 (4 + 4+ 7) – 3 (the three channels) = 12. The number 12 represents the total number of steps or mertebes in Insan-i Kamil’s journey.
When we say “Subhanallah,” we acknowledge Allah’s perfection.
When we say “Elhamdulillah,” we praise and thank Allah for everything.
When we say “Allahu Akbar,” we acknowledge Allah’s mightiness “
Considering that these phrases have already been recited during Salat, when we reach the end of the repetitions, they should be performed more meaningfully and thoroughly
Considering their steps/levels;
“Subhanallah” should be repeated in a state of Tenzih.
“Elhamdulillah” should be repeated in a state of Tesbih.
“Allahu Akbar” should be repeated in a state of Tevhid.
From another perspective:
Subhanallah is Judaism [Museviyet/tenzih]
Elhamdulillah is Christianity[Iseviyet/Tesbih]
Allahu Akbar is Muhammedian [Muhammediyet/tevhid]
The true deen of Islam started being revealed with Hz Adam (as) and became perfected with Hz. Muhammed Mustafa (sav), including all the steps (mertebes) of every prophet that has come to Humanity so far. Such as Hz. Adam (as), Hz. Abraham, Hz David, Hz. Moses, Hz. Jesus, and Hz. Muhammad (sav). Every Prophet who has come so far has brought another additional knowledge in Islam to humanity until it is perfected and concluded by the last Prophet Muhammad Mustafa (sav).
After finishing the repetitions, one offers his or her individual prayers and wishes.
Repetition of Sacred Phrases