The repetition of this phrase reveals the fact that Allah is One, the only One. The number of repetitions, four, relates to the understanding of Allah’s greatness from the four different level or mertebes.
If you cannot understand the depth of Allah c.c.’s greatness, at least try to understand it from the first and most simple level, the level of tekbir. In reality, however, there is no such thing as a simple or complex understanding, but we should try to understand this metaphorically. The Ef’al level is the simplest one which contains the universe we are currently living in.
When the muezzin recites the first tekbir we should try to understand the meaning of the phrase “La faile illallah.” that means “There is nothing in all of the world’s creation, but the existence of Hakk.”
The first Allahu Akbar symbolizes the fact that the only one who is able to create, nurture, and sustain is Allah c.c. the greatest.
During the second tekbir we should reflect upon the universe of Esma that represents the universe of meanings and is the foundation of the universe of Ef’al. The second tekbir only belongs to Allah c.c. and by reciting it, we confirm this fact.
During the third tekbir, the state of Sifat or its attributes are revealed, and this means that all of us including all creatures and even our ancestry belongs to Allah c.c.
During the fourth tekbir the phrase Allahu Akbar becomes “Allahu Ahad” because this is the state of Zat.
The wise man who receives knowledge as a gift from Allah c.c., Irfan ehil, knows that the fourth tekbir is “Allahu Ahad” and that it is repeated as such.
“Allahu Ahad” is based on the mertebe of Ahadiyet[Degree of singleness], and because this level is above the Vahidiyet level[Degree of Oneness], the characteristics of the fourth tekbir are different from the others. On the lower levels or mertebes, one’s personality still exists, but upon arriving to the Ahadiyet level[Level of Oneness], nothing but Allah exists; hence, this is why Allah is the greatest. On this level, everything is Allah c.c. all personalities and creatures, including human beings, belong to Allah c.c. The state of “Allahu Ahad” becomes valid because of the Sura Ihlas 112/1 that begins “Kul huvallahu Ahad Allah us-samad; lam yalid, walam yu-lad wa-lam-yakul-lahu kufo-wan ahad.”
This translates to: “Allah is One, the Eternal Allah. He begotten none nor was begotten. None is equal to Him.
The first tekbir, the universe of Ef’al, can only exist in and due to Hakk’s existence.
“La faile illallah”
The second tekbir, the universe of Esma, can only exist in and due to Hakk’s existence.
“La mevcude illallah”
The third tekbir, the universe of Sifat, can only exist in and due to Hakk’s existence.
“La mevsufe illalah”
During the fourth tekbir, we repeat the truth that the universe of Zat can only exist in and due to Hakk’s existence.
“La mabude illallah”
Eventually and finally, the truth “LA ILAHE ILLALLAH.”
After passing the Ef’al, Esma and Sifat levels, the remaining level is the Ahadiyet of Allah c.c. in the level of Zat; it means “Allahu Ahad.” Despite this, all of the other tekbirs continue to be recited as “Allahu Akbar.” This understanding is reserved for the spiritually wise who have been chosen by Allah c.c.
Because our discussion focuses on tekbir, we will mention other tekbirs recited during Salat.
In the “vele zikrullahi ekber” (Ankebut/29/45) from the Holy Koran, Cenabi Hak tells us that the most precious dhikr is the repetition of the word “Allah.”
Upon counting, we realize that “Allahu Akbar” is the phrase that is most often repeated during salat. The daily salat includes 281 tekbirs, and one tekbir from Salati Vitir, as well as from the Ezans. Every move in salat begins with and continues with tekbir.
My dear Hakk seeker, please try to understand these explanations. If we revisit our discussion of salat, we recall that during the night of Miraj, Cenabi Hak ordered Hz. Muhammad (sav) to perform a minimum of five salats per day. He also provided those who wanted to devote their lives to Allah c.c, [Kurbiyet ehli], a signal that there is a possibility of achieving closeness to Hakk. This range, from 5 to 50, which was given to us was not a coincidence. There is a hidden message for all of us, and we are responsible for trying to understand it as much as possible. If we perform 50 salats per day, we would repeat the tekbir, “Allahu Akbar,” a total of 2,811 times plus 1 a day.
We will analyze the tekbir as if salat were performed 5 times per day whereby there is a total of 281 plus 1 tekbirs per day. The independent 1 tekbir represents the Oneness of Allah c.c. From the 281 tekbirs, 1 tekbir represents Oneness in us while the remaining 280 tekbirs, if divided by 10 to yield 28, represents the number of prophets. We should acknowledge at least one good deed from each prophet and from each of the 28 tekbirs. From the 280 we acknowledge ten good deeds of each prophet who has come to earth. This is the correct path we should take and is called Kemalat.[ All Perfections].
Even though there is much more to discuss on the topic of tekbir, we must stop for now. InshaAllah, Allah c.c. provide us all with the enthusiasm and will we need to explore the truth in our lives.