Foreign words and phrases used throughout the book
-Adab: The polite manners maintained by a good Muslim practicing Islam.
-Ahadiyyet: Degree of oneness/singleness / Zat / Vitriyyet / Ferdiyyet (individuality) / Vahidiyet: All of these words represent different states of the One and only Creator, Allah. Some of these states can be reached by human beings depending on whether they exert enough effort, as well as whether Allah grants them His permission. In particular, this applies to individuals struggling on their journey to reach Haqq (the state of closeness the perfect human being called Insani Kamil can reach with the permission of Allah c.c.) prior to the death of their physical body. (Those referred to as saints). On the other hand, some of these states, being that they belong only to Allah c.c., cannot be experienced by human beings regardless of their level of spiritual advancement.
· -(as): Aleyhusselam (peace be upon him/her)
· -Arif: The wise person.
· -Ayats: The sentences/parts of the suras in the Holy Koran.
· -Batini: The internal essence, pertaining to what is essential.
· -Baka Billah: Subsistence in Allah.
· -Beseriyet: Humanity or humanity’s existence
· -c.c. (celle celalihu).
· -Cenabi Hak/ Haqq(Hak)/ Allah / Allah u teala c.c. / Rabb / Mevla: All of these words refer to the One; the one and only Creator, Allah (in Arabic it means the Creator).
· -Dergah: The sacred places and rooms where God is worshipped and conversations about God take place.
· -Dergahi izzet the sacred praying place of all Mighty
· -Dhikr / Zikr / Zikir: These words refer to the act of repeating the different names or attributes of Allah and other phrases; this is a prerequisite in order to embark on the journey leading to Sainthood. The act of repeating is the daily work of a saint. These names, attributes, and phrases are repeated constantly, as well as a specified number of times.
· -Dahi Inaye
· -Esma-ul Husna: The beautiful names and attributes of Allah.
· -Ezan / Ezani Muhammedi: The official call to prayer for daily obligatory Salats. This invitation to perform Salat is performed by a “Muezzin,” preferably from an elevated location.
· -Efal, Esma, Sifat, Zat: These words are indicative and each represents a different level of our universe, mostly from the Creator’s (God’s) perspective.
· -Feyz : the spiritual inspiration
· -Fena fillah: Annihilating oneself in Allah; the state of Nothingness.
· -Ferdiyyet: individuality/ism
· -Hakikati muhammedi: The truth found in Muhammad’s level of knowledge. (The last prophet.)
· -Hajj: The pilgrimage to the city of Mecca (Makkah).
· -Hidayet: The correct path.
· Ilmel Yakiyn / Aynel Yakiyn / Hakkel Yakiyn: Depending on a human being’s degree of sacred knowledge, this is as close as one can get to the Creator. The simplest way for one to understand this is by means of the following analogy: When one sees a cloud of dark smoke in the middles of the ocean, one assumes a ship is approaching in one’s direction, this is Ilmel Yakiyn; when one can discern the silhouette of the ship from afar, this is Aynel Yakiyn; finally, when the ship arrives and people board the ship and go from one level to another, within the ship, this is Hakkel Yakiyn. (This analogy was borrowed from Hz. Said Nursi (ra).)
· -Insani Kamil: This is the destination of sacred knowledge that every human being should reach. People who reach this ultimate goal in their lifetimes are called Insani Kamil.
· -Irfan: Special knowledge which is only provided by Allah.
· -InshaAllah: With the permission of Allah. God willing.
· -Islam: The literal translation from Arabic to English is “to submit.”
· -Kabaa: The sacred square black building in Mecca built by Hz. Abraham (as), improved by the latter prophets until the last one, Muhammad (sav).
· -Kamed : The second official-call to Salats, in the mosques or buildings destined as such.
· -Kemalat: all perfections
· -Kevser or Al-Kawthar: The name of a river in Paradise and a sura in the Koran.
· -Kurbiyet ehli :
· -Kuran / Quran / Koran: All of these words are used to describe the Holy Book that was delivered to the last prophet Muhammad (sav).
· -Makam: Refers to a station, throne or position to be experienced on the journey towards Hakk.
· -Mertebe: Means “the level” or “the degree.”
· -Miraj / Mir’aj / Mirac / Mir’ac: All of these words refer to the one-night journey Hz. Muhammad (sav) made to Jerusalem to reach the Source or the one and only Creator
· -Muezzin: The person who announces the official call to prayer (Ezan).
· -Mumin: The person who struggles to maintain submitted to Allah’s will.
· -Namaz: Turkish word for Salat.
· -Nefs: self, ego.
· -Rakat: The parts in a Salat. For example, there may be two, three or four rakats in a Salat. It includes the standing, ruku, the bending forward and the prostration positions; when one goes back to the standing position and commences Salat again, and one enters the second rakat.
· -Ramadhan / Ramazan: This is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar during which Muslims fast.
· -Risale i Gavsiye: One of the sacred books written by a saint who was given the rank “Gavs” in the Kingdom of Allah c.c.
· -Salat: The Arabic word referring to “prayer” or the set of movements and repetitions performed five times during the day.
· -Seriat (Holy Law) / Tarikat (Holy Path) / Hakikat (Holy Truth) / Marifat: In this order, these are the four stages human beings may be in, depending on their level of knowledge concerning Allah.
· s.a.v. (sav): Sallallahu aleyhu vesselam The abbreviation for “Peace be Upon Him.”
· -Selam: The salutation.
· -Shahadah / Sahadah: A statement attesting to the fact that Allah is the only God and that Muhammad is His messenger.
“Eshedu enla ilahe illallah ve eshedu enne Muhammeden Abduhu ve Resuluhu”
· -Suras: The chapters in the Holy Book or Koran.
· -Tekbir: The repetition of “Allahu Akbar” which is commonly translated into “Allah is the greatest and the most magnificent.”
· Tenzih: believing that Allah c.c. is the perfect one, and the greatest, incomparable
· Tesbih : coming close to resemblance
· Tevhid: close to truly and deeply believing in Allah’s Unity
· -Kiyam / Ruku / Secde: During Salat, Kiyam represents the standing position, Ruku represents bending downward from the waist, and Secde represents prostrating.
· -Vitr: The worship service that takes place during the nighttime but before morning.
· - Vitriyet: uniqueness
· -Zahiri: Pertaining to what is external or apparent, the external appearance.
· -Zati mutlak: Absolute Presence.
Perform the Salat, make it a daily habit
For a possible and eternal profit
Sacrifice couple of your minutes in this life
Would you be able to repeat this precious time called life?
Salat is the Mirac of Mumin
It is the crown of the Muslim
For all your illnesses, it is the medicine
The light (Nur) of my eyes, SALAT
Bismillah ir Rahman ir Rahim
(In the name of God the most Compassionate, the most Merciful)
I have been fortunate enough to complete this book that I have been working on for quite some time.
When you begin reading this book, you will either be transported into deep thought or such boredom will overcome you that you will abandon the book and never finish it; nevertheless, I strongly urge you to make an attempt to finish reading it, as well as contemplate on that which you read.
Have you ever wondered how much more time you will waste performing prayers, which have, in essence, merely become emotionless repetitions you simply emulate. -[Ibadet]
If we are unable to understand the reasons why we perform prayer, and especially if we perform these prayers devoid of any feeling, where could these prayers we perform at specified times lead us other than into an imaginative journey, an illusory world, and to the mere formulation of assumptions? -[Zan].
Dear seeker of Hakk, please make an effort to remove the veil of carelessness that covers you and activate your heart that has been frozen for quite some time.
Take the initiative to free yourself from idleness and egotism -[nefs], so that your thoughts may be clear and unbiased. Additionally, allow me to remind you that just as prayer is composed of a physical element, it also has a spiritual one. Because both elements are equally important, we must make every effort to carry out both completely when performing prayer. My dear reader, I kindly ask you to offer prayers to those who played a role in the completion of this book, as well as for their beloved predecessors, and may, InshalAllah c.c. in turn open the doors of inspiration -[Feyz] in your heart.
Dear ya Rabbi, God, please transmit the spiritual benefits that accumulate as a result of people reading this book, and in the following order, to our dear prophet Hz Mohammad Mustafa’s (sav), to our dear Nusret Efendi Baba’s, to our dear mother Rahmiye, and to all of the Ussaki Dosts’ Canlar (souls of the friends of the Ussaki Order).
Necdet Ardic, USSAKI
The Characteristics of Numbers
Just as words have meanings, whether standing alone or when used in sentences, numbers and the accretion of said numbers also have their own meanings; thus, in addition to their mathematical values, numbers also denote spiritual meaning and symmetry.
I will now explore the spiritual meanings of some numbers, -[Manasal]. At this juncture, I will also mention that occasionally and throughout this book, we will continue to explore the spiritual meanings of numbers.
1 The universe of One -[ahadiyet ve teklik alemi].
2 Odd becomes even as in “you and me.”
3 The number of stages or steps of closeness -[ilmel, aynel, hakkal].
4 Seriat, Tarikat, Hakikat, Marifet. -[anasir-I erbaa]. The four elements: earth, water, fire, and air.
5 Hazart-I Hamse and the five stages of Hazrat: Efal, Esma, Sifat, Zat, and Insan-I kamil.
6 The reality of belief -[Iman].
7 The stages of the ego -[nefs]: emmare, levvame, mulhime, mutmeinne, radiye, merdiyye, and safiye.
8 The stages of heaven, and the rank of Hz Abraham (as).
9 The rank of Hz Moses (as).
10 Existence (1) and nonexistence (0) in unison; the rank of Hz Jesus (as).
11 The plurality (11) in Oneness and the rank of Hz Muhammad (sav).
12 The stages in a human being’s journey to Hakk and the total number of letters in Kelime-I Tevhid [la ilahe illallah] or the reality of Muhammediye.
13 The number assigned specially to Hz Muhammad Mustafa (sav).
17 The amount of daily obligatory prayers called Farz.
18 The18000 universes.
19 The miraculous number 19, the number of letters in Bismillahirrahmanirrahim.
20 The amount of optional, suggested daily prayers called -[Sunnah].
28 Twenty-eight prophets.
33 Maturity of Hz Jesus (as) and the number of beads.
40 The age of maturity; the total number of daily prayers, including the obligatory Farz and optional Sunnahs.
99 Esmaul husna, the beautiful names or attributes of ALLAH.
Foreign words and phrases used throughout the book