Sure Kureyş

The Sura Zammi 


 One who embarks on the journey to Hakk by reciting the Sura Fatiha continues on this journey reciting the Sura Zammi afterwards while still in the standing position. 
 For example, by repeating the Sura Kevser that is “Bismillahirrahmanirrahim. Inna ahtayna kel kevser, fesalli li rabbike venhar.  Inna sahnieke huvel ebder.”  or the Sura Ihlas, beginning with “Kulhuvallahu Ahad, Allahussamed…” one learns the depth and extensive meaning of those suras.
 The parts of the Koran we recite after the Sura Fatiha are recited and recalled mainly for the purpose of supplementing our knowledge along this journey. 
 Not only is this practice beneficial, but it also helps every Muslim comprehend the rationale behind the suras more clearly.
 Why is the sura Zammi not repeated after the second rekat of a salat? (The unit of salat is composed of rakats.)  In order to be able us to understand the reason for this, we need to be cognizant of the basis for the obligatory and optional rekats of a Salat.  
 Obligatory salats are mandatory since they were ordered by Allahu teala c.c., whereas the optional salats, although performed by Hz Muhammed (sav), were merely recommended by Hz Muhammad Mustafa (sav).   
 More specifically, the purpose of obligatory salats is to allow us “to be with Allah c.c.” and optional salats allow us “to distance ourselves from deceived society.”
 Having said this, one does not repeat the Sura Zammi during the third or fourth rekats of any Salat.  The first rekat is in the mertebe-I Seriat or the first level of ultimate knowledge known as Seriat. The second rekat is in the mertebe-I Tarikat or the second level called Tarikat in which one needs to attain extra knowledge in order to be able to progress to another level, and this is the reason why the repetition of an extra sura from the Koran is necessary.  The third and fourth rekats, on the other hand, are the levels known as Hakikat and Marifet, respectively, and in these levels there is essential purity. 
 The Sura Fatiha is usually completely experienced during the third and fourth rekats of a Salat, and during this period, it is as if the person reciting it has in effect become the sura itself.  
 Because one loses oneself and disappears in Hakk’s existence during these rekats since details cease being important, it is not necessary to continue repeating the Sura Zammi from the Koran