Before we finish Salat, we recite other prayers called salavats and Rabbena atina. By reciting salavats, we revive the memory of the Prophets Hz. Muhammad (sav) and Hz. Abraham (as), as well as that of their families.
After finishing salavats, it is beneficial to repeat the prayer called Rabbena atina. The system of Salat is very miraculous for from within it is full of grace while from without it is covered with peace.
In summary, through the recitation of these last prayers, one seeks protection from the possible torture one may encounter either in this world or in the hereafter; in addition, one pleads that both family and friends be protected and saved.
Whoever has accomplished fulfilling the obligation of salat properly needs to gently leave this sacred state by means of Selams (Selam is a salutation which is offered when one turns one’s head to the sides) One then receives the reply “Allahumme en tesseleamu ve min kesselam tebarekteyazelcelali vel ikram.”
If we are alone when performing salat we repeat this phrase to ourselves, but if we are amongst others the one leading the prayer repeats the phrase out loud.
We will now examine Selams; we repeat the sura Tahiyyat 21 times a day and perform salutation by repeating the phrase Selam 2 times after each Tahiyyat, which yields 42 (21 x 2).
Aside from reciting Selams after the sura Tahiyyat, there are an additional 13 times when we recite Selams that yields 26 (13 x 2 = 26). Consequently, we receive an equal number of responses after the Selams that also yields 26 (13 x 2 = 26).
The total of Selams is as follows: 42 + 26 + 26 = 94. The number of times of daily prayer is 5 times and this constitutes a Selam before Allah c.c., thus yielding a grand total of 99 (94 + 5 = 99).
Salat is indeed amazing and regardless of how we analyze it does not cease to impress us. As you know, we commenced salat with the 99 names of Allah c.c. (esma-i ilahi), and we complete it with the same 99 beautiful names of Allah c.c.
When we turn our heads to the right and to the left while reciting “Esselamu aleykum ve rahmetullah,” we salute every living creature in that direction. There is an immense amount of grace in Insan-i Kamil.
The phrase “Allahumme En Tesselamu Ve Min Kesselam”
The recitation “Allahumme en tesselamu ve min kesselam tebarekteyazelcelali vel ikram” means “You are the one responsible for our welfare, You are the owner of all salutations, and You are the greatest and highest provider.” We need to examine these statements independently at each distinct level or stage of knowledge. In the level of Insan-i Kamil this repetition, in actuality, this recitation, Hakk praises Hakk, and it is by means of our lips that Hakk responds to Himself.
Selam (salutation) also represents one of the esma-ul husna (99 names of Allah c.c.); is a representation of one of the fundamentals of human beings, and its meaning is deep and profound. Just as the names “Subbuh” and “Kuddus” are used to represent Angles, the names “Aziz,” “Cabbar,” and “Mutekebbir” are used to represent Jinni.
The 99 repetitions of Selam at the end of Salat become the gate to our welfare – these are the same 99 names of Allah c.c. (esma-i ilahiye) that are recited at the beginning of the same Salat. For instance, if the possibility exists that an unfortunate event will occur as a result of repeating the name “Kahhar,” the reverberation of one of the 99 Selams, recited during Salat, serves to impede any effects that may result as a consequence of repeating “Kahhar;” thus, any devastating repercussions which may have resulted from said incident are either prevented or, minimized. Eventually, every Selam will either serve as a reinforcement of beautiful and constructive names or as an obstacle to the outcomes that may result from the repetition of the negative and destructive ones.
Selam also indicates that we must be aware and in touch with ourselves; we must learn who we are. He who knows himself approaches the final state of well-being.
When Selam manifests through a person, he/she is rescued from the prison of the ego [nefs] since the essence of the name “Selam” provides eternal well-being to that person. In turn, that person provides others with assistance and guidance on this journey to Hakk as they become the mirror of the Source and ultimate peace.
In conclusion, a well performed Salat might allow us to journey to a higher level of understanding and make us wiser, (Owner of Irfan). When we reach this level at the end of Salat, the secret of Selam is revealed to us. We implore Allah u teala c.c. to grant us a state well-being at the end of Salat through our repetition of the name Selam.
The phrase “Ala Rasuluna Salavat”
After the Selams we perform determined number of repetitions of the sacred names of Allah, tallying with the prayer beads, and when we say “Ala Resuluna Salavat” we transmit our Selams to prophet Hz. Muhammad Mustafa (sav).
The reason we transmit the Selams to the prophet, the most gracious of human beings, is to acknowledge him for having given this present to humankind; we owe this to the sweetest messenger. Were it not for Hz. Muhammad (sav), these secrets would not have been revealed to mankind, and we would not be able to experience these beautiful states; thus, it is because of Prophet Muhammad and the traditions of Islam that we have gained access to these secrets, and this is the reason we should perform Salavats whenever we remember and it is appropriate (Salavat means that we express our gratitude and we salute the prophet Muhammad (sav)). In due course, the Salavats we emit reach the Prophet in the same way that radio waives reach a receptor, these Salavats are retransmitted back to us encompassing benefits for us. It is clear to see that the Prophet needs no Salavats, we are the ones in need of this abet.
The Phrase “Subhanellahi Velhamdulillahi” After Salavats we repeat “Subhanellahu velhamdulillahi ve la ilahe illellahu vallahu ekber ve la havle ve la kuvvete illa billahil aliyyil aziym.” At this point, we praise Allah c.c. yet again.
Afterwards, we perform the prayer called “Ayet-el Kursi.” As most Muslims know, Ayet-el kursi is part of the Sura Bakara (2/255) that begins with “Allah-u la ilahe illa huvel hayyul kayyum. . .”
These ayats refer to Allah c.c.’s attributes. If we attempted to explain this prayer at this point, not only would it be too time consuming and lengthy, but our focus would no longer be Salat. Because our main focus is Salat, we are only making reference to this prayer within the context of Salat.