Events correlated to the salats timetable:
Adam (as) emerged from heaven, during the nighttime and upon finding the world, although it was dark, it was reaching to dawn, he performed one rakat. When reaching the light of day he performed another rakat. Hz. Adam’s (as) two Salats were accepted at the sacred praying place [Dergah]of the Mighty [Dergahi Izzet]. That is why, in the morning there is an obligatory salat composed of two rakats.
The reasons for the noon salat are:
1. Noon was the specific time that Hz Allah c.c. sent a sheep to Hz. Abraham (as) in order to be sacrificed in place of his son, thus spearing his sons’ life.
2. Due to the tortures inflicted upon Hz. Abraham (as) for destroying all the idols in Kabaa and hanging the axe he used, on one of the idols.
3. Nemrod, enemy of Hz. Abraham (as) threw him into the fire, nevertheless, Hakk Teala c.c. made a garden of the flowers out of this fire in order to save Hz. Abraham (as);
4. When Hz. Abraham (as) migrated to Egypt, in spite of the extreme torture the infidels subjected him to, Allahu teala protected him by paralyzing the hands of those who were against the prophet.
Prophet Hz. Abraham had to go through the four trials mentioned above and performed 4 rakat salat to show his gratefulness to Allah c.c. This is the reason for the 4 obligatory noon Rakats. These 4 rakats were also accepted in the Dergahi Izzet[The sacred place of worship closest to Allah c.c.]. this information is written in “Dahi Inaye”
When conflict grew between Hz. Yunus/Jonah (as) (the prophet who came sometime before Moses (as), after Abraham (as)) and his people, he gathered those who believed in him by a ship with the intention of leaving to a place far from the town. A giant fish, however, appeared and prevented the ship from departing. Hz. Jonah (as) realized that unless he did something, those on board would not be able to leave in time to avoid the looming disaster. Accordingly, he requested he be thrown to sea, and miraculously, Hz. Jonah (as) spent a significant amount of time inside the giant fish without suffering any injury. Upon returning to shore, to demonstrate his gratitude to Allah c.c., he performed a four rekat Salat. Because he performed this Salat in the afternoon, it became known as the afternoon Salat. (This is written in Dahi Inaye.)
The Evening Salat
When some people mistakenly claimed Hz. Jesus (as) was the son of God (Tovbe Estagfirullah), he replied: “Before morning comes and the rooster signs, in exchange for money, you shall look for an opportunity to kill me.” With Cenabi Hak’s permission, Hz. Jesus (as) was able to leave this place in the evening and performed a three rekat Salat to show his gratitude to Allah c.c., and this is the reason why the three rekat Salat became the evening Salat for the rest of humanity. (This fact is also written in Dahi Inaye.)
We need to emphasize and focus on the two small details as follows:
Q1: Why does the evening Salat have an odd number of rekats when the rest of them are even numbered?
Q2: Why do we begin by perform the obligatory three rekats in spite of the fact that the other times we begin by performing the suggested rekats?
A1: The truth of Christianity [Iseviyet] is explained through the trinity of the “Eba,” “Ebi,” and “Ruhul Kudus” (the Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit, respectively) because the level/mertebe of Hz. Jesus (as) is coming close to the resemblance, “Tesbih”, the three rekats Salat further symbolize this fact. Unfortunately not only has humanity been unable to advanced from the level of knowledge known as resemblance, Tesbih, to the level of knowledge known as Unification “Tevhid”, but they have also misunderstood Hz. Jesus’ message; and as a result humanity has not been able to continue the sacred and correct path.
A2: The reason this Salat is begun with the obligatory rekats is because the life of Hz. Jesus (as) is known as the level/mertebe “Fena Fillah” (nothingness, effacement of the self in Allah ) being rid of the ego the first thing he did was perform the obligatory prayer of Salat.
Although it is known that the end of time, Judgment Day, will take place around the time of the evening prayer, the exact date remains unknown. Having said this, because it is feared that we will not have time to complete the evening Salat, we need to make sure that we at least complete the obligatory part.
One who reaches Hz. Jesus’ (as) level, known as Fena Fillah, has overcome the selfishness that is prevalent in this world. InshAllah, may Allah c.c. allow us to understand this level before He takes away the physical dress we are embodied in.
Let us continue with the explanation.
The Night Salat
Hz. Moses (as) experienced four forms of sorrow when he left Egypt. After some time and upon arriving during the night, with his brother, Harun (Aaron) (as), to Tur Mountain, all of his sorrows vanished. He thanked Allah c.c. by performing a four rekat Salat; it was accepted in the Dergahi Izzet, and became an obligation of humanity.
Salati Vitr (3 rakat Salat after the night salat)
During sacred journey of Hz. Muhammad (sav) from Jerusalem to the highest heaven [Mir’aj], Hz. Muhammad performed a one rekat Salat for himself in the ultimate sacred worshipping place[ Dergahi Izzet]. Cibril (as)(the angel Gabriel) then reminded him of Ebu Bakr (ra)’s request that he also perform an additional Salat for him, and at that point Hz. Muhammad repeated official call for Salat[kiyam] and performed the additional Salat. Afterwards, Cenabi Hak teala instructed him to perform yet an additional Salat, and he again repeated kiyam and begun the third rekat. Prior to bending downward from the waist, he saw a vision of a punishment in Hell and its fire. In virtue of the believers, his body entered a depressed and miserable state. At this moment, Cibril (as) assisted him by providing his heart with extra joy and strength from Kevser/Kawthar (a river in paradise and the name of a sura in the Koran). Hz. Muhammad then raised his hands to his ears, repeated Allahu Akbar and recited the Kunut Prayer to finish the Salat.
The rekat he performed for himself became optional.
The rekat he performed for Ebu Bakr became optional. (Vacib)
The rekat he performed upon Allah’s c.c. request became obligatory.
Let us explain in detail regarding the sura called Kunut and the salat called Vitr.
The meaning of the prayers called “Kunut”
1. “Dear Allah c.c. we only ask Thee for help and Hidayet [the right way]. We only believe in Thee, dear Allah. We only ask Thee for forgiveness and rely only on Thee. In everything we do we remember only Thee. Only to Thee do we demonstrate our gratefulness for everything thy give us. We are never unsatisfied. We protect and restrict ourselves from everything that may cause discontentment.
2. “Oh, dear Allah! We pray only to Thee and we are slaves only to Thee. We perform Salats to deserve being accepted by Thee. We run only to Thee, and we do only what will help us get closer to Thee. We perform our prayers (ibadet) willingly and happily, and we always hope for Thy unending mercy. We fear Thy punishment and this is why we do not do that which is prohibited. It is certain that whoever lacks faith in Thee shall face Thy punishment in the end.”
Concerning the Vitir (vigil) in a hadith, “Allahu vitran yahubbul vitra.” means “Allah is One and Allah is the only One who loves.” Why doesn’t it say “Allah is Vahid” or “Allah is Ahad” despite the fact that these also mean “Allah is One?” simply because by using the word “Vitr” in addition to the word “Oneness” a unique affirmation takes place.
As was mentioned above, the tekbir (Allahu Akbar) of the Vitr Salat is unique and different to the others we repeat throughout the day.
Whoever has already understood the truth of existence will completely perform the Vitr Salat, for to be in the state of Vitr[Vitriyyet], is to be aware of the truth of one’s existence. On the other hand, Ferdiyyet means to understand the truth of oneness in all universes. The “Ferdi Vahid” is the state in which we understand all universes as being One.
Since we have come so far, let’s take a look at one of the hadiths
Allah's Apostle said, "The prayer in congregation is twenty seven times superior to the prayer offered by person alone."
There are important warnings for us all here. Did he imply anything by using the number 27? The number 27 serves to remind us of the 27th prophet, Hz. Jesus (as). This means that until we reach the level of Hz. Jesus (as) (Iseviyet), we attract people from every society in our environment; in other words, we all become one society.
Whoever passes this stage reaches the 28th level/mertebe of Muhammediye. It is in this mertebe that we are able to understand the attributes of Hz. Muhammad (sav) and reach the state of “Ferdiyyet.”[individuality, also one of the highest levels an Insani Kamil experiences]. After this, regardless of where we perform a Salat, it is performed on the 28th level.
In the level of Christianity (Iseviyet) since it is the 27th grade of Salat, it is called “Vitriyyet.”[Uniqueness]. In the level/mertebe of Muhammediye since it is the 28th grade, it is called “Ferdiyyet.”[Individuality]. Depending on the occasion, both the salats we perform by ourselves, as well as the ones we perform as part of society are immensely beneficial.
InshaAllah, Allah c.c. provides all of us with an adequate amount of intelligence and the will to understand the value of Salat. With respect to the different times during which the five Salats are performed, this suffices. We now turn to explaining the other kinds of Salats.
Events correlated to the salats timetable: